On This Day in 331 BC – Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia in the Battle of Gaugamela.[1]

History Delivered

OnThisDay is a simple API that can be used to fetch historical events into JSON format. While it's not hard to find a similar API, most of them require registration or just plain suck. Our service makes development quick and to the point.

No API Key Required

The OTD-API can be used free of charge but you may not use this service in a manner that exceeds reasonable request volume. When no API key is provided, attribution is required and the number of requests per IP address is limited.

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Events for October 1


1588 – Coronation of Shah Abbas I of Persia.

1908Ford Model T automobiles are offered for sale at a price of US$825.

1947 – The North American F-86 Sabre flies for the first time.

1964 – The Free Speech Movement is launched on the campus of the University of California, Berkeley.

1787 – Russians under Alexander Suvorov defeat the Turks at Kinburn.

1968 – Guyana nationalizes the British Guiana Broadcasting Service, which would eventually become part of the National Communications Network, Guyana.

2015 – The American cargo vessel SS El Faro sinks with all of its 33 crew after steaming into the eyewall of Hurricane Joaquin.

1918 – Sayid Abdullah becomes the last Khan of Khiva.

1979Pope John Paul II begins his first pastoral visit to the United States.

1962James Meredith enters the University of Mississippi, defying racial segregation rules.

1928 – The Soviet Union introduces its first five-year plan.

1779 – The city of Tampere, Finland (belonging to Sweden at this time) is founded by King Gustav III of Sweden.

1989 – Denmark introduces the world's first legal same-sex registered partnerships.

1931 – Clara Campoamor persuades the Constituent Cortes to enfranchise women in Spain's new constitution.

1939World War II: After a one-month siege, German troops occupy Warsaw.

1910 – A large bomb destroys the Los Angeles Times building, killing 21.

1957 – First appearance of In God we trust on U.S. paper currency.

1898 – The Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration is founded under the name k.u.k. Exportakademie.

2019 – The Kuopio school stabbing: one dies and ten are injured when Joel Marin, armed with a sabre, attacks a school class at Savo Vocational College in Kuopio, Finland.

1832Texian political delegates convene at San Felipe de Austin to petition for changes in the governance of Mexican Texas.

1936 – Spanish Civil War: The Central Committee of Antifascist Militias of Catalonia dissolves itself, handing control of Catalan defence militias over to the Generalitat.

1955 – The Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region is established.

Notable Births & Deaths for October 1

  1983Mohamed Abdelwahab, Egyptian footballer (d. 2006)
  1981 – David Yelldell, German-American soccer player
  1989Brie Larson, American actress
  1992Xander Bogaerts, Aruban baseball player
  2011Sven Tumba, Swedish ice hockey player and golfer (b. 1931)
  1983 – Mirko Vučinić, Montenegrin footballer
  2001Mason Greenwood, English footballer
  2015Božo Bakota, Croatian footballer (b. 1950)
  2010Ian Buxton, English footballer and cricketer (b. 1938)
  2014Lynsey de Paul, English singer-songwriter, pianist, and actress (b. 1948)
  2012 – Mark R. Kravitz, American lawyer and judge (b. 1950)
  1987Hiroki Aiba, Japanese actor and singer
  2014 – Shlomo Lahat, Israeli general and politician (b. 1927)
  1981 – Tom Donnelly, New Zealand rugby player
  2013 – Ole Danbolt Mjøs, Norwegian physician, academic, and politician (b. 1939)
  2013Arnold Burns, American lawyer, politician, and 21st United States Deputy Attorney General (b. 1930)
  1982Haruna Babangida, Nigerian footballer
  2013 – Tom Clancy, American author (b. 1947)
  2013 – Imero Fiorentino, American lighting designer (b. 1928)
  2013 – Jim Rountree, American football player and coach (b. 1936)
  1981 – Gaby Mudingayi, Belgian footballer
  1981 – Arnau Riera, Spanish footballer
  2013 – Israel Gutman, Polish-Israeli historian and author (b. 1923)
  1990Pedro Filipe Mendes, Portuguese footballer
  2019Karel Gott, Сzeсh singer (b. 1939)
  2015 – Hadi Norouzi, Iranian footballer (b. 1985)
  2012 – Shlomo Venezia, Greek-Italian Holocaust survivor and author (b. 1923)
  2014 – José Martínez, Cuban-American baseball player and coach (b. 1942)
  1981Júlio Baptista, Brazilian footballer
  1986 – Ricardo Vaz Tê, Portuguese footballer
  1995Lauren Hill, American basketball player (d. 2015)
  1985Nazimuddin Ahmed, Bangladeshi cricketer
  2017Dave Strader, American sportscaster (b. 1955)
  1981 – Johnny Oduya, Swedish ice hockey player
  2015 – Jacob Pressman, American rabbi and academic, co-founded American Jewish University (b. 1919)
  1986Sayaka Kanda, Japanese actress and singer (d. 2021)
  2012 – Moshe Sanbar, Hungarian-Israeli economist and banker (b. 1926)
  1990 – Albert Prosa, Estonian footballer
  1984 – Daniel Guillén Ruiz, Spanish footballer
  1987 – Mitchell Aubusson, Australian rugby league player
  2018Charles Aznavour, French-Armenian singer, composer, writer, filmmaker and public figure (b. 1924)
  1984Matt Cain, American baseball player
  2012Octavio Getino, Spanish-Argentinian director and screenwriter (b. 1935)
  2014 – Robert Serra, Venezuelan criminologist and politician (b. 1987)
  1982 – Aleksandar Đuričić, Serbian author and playwright
  2012 – Eric Hobsbawm, Egyptian-English historian and author (b. 1917)
  2015 – Don Edwards, American soldier, lawyer, and politician (b. 1915)
  1991Conor Clifford, Irish footballer

 Quick Start

Our API is incredibly easy to use, check out the code samples below to get started:

Read the full documentation →

Fetch Historical Events

All you need to do is send a request to https://today.zenquotes.io/api/[month]/[day]/[key] in order to generate a JSON array of historical events, including notable births and deaths. API data pulled from WikiPedia.

*[key] not required but recommended.


Sample Requests

https://today.zenquotes.io/api/1/1 - Generate notable events, births, and deaths for January 1.

https://today.zenquotes.io/api/5/5 - Generate notable events, births, and deaths for May 5.

https://today.zenquotes.io/api/12/25 - Generate notable events, births, and deaths for December 25.


Response

The result data is formatted as a JSON array, grouped by event type.


{ "info":"OnThisDay API", "date":"April_20", "updated":"1615972324",
"data":{
  "Events":[ { "text":"1303 &#8211; The Sapienza University of Rome is instituted by a bull of Pope Boniface VIII.&#91;1&#93;", "html":"<a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/1303\" title=\"1303\">1303</a> &#8211; The <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Sapienza_University_of_Rome\" title=\"Sapienza University of Rome\">Sapienza University of Rome</a> is instituted by a <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Papal_bull\" title=\"Papal bull\">bull</a> of <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Boniface_VIII\" title=\"Pope Boniface VIII\">Pope Boniface VIII</a>." },
  //.. MORE DATA ..//
  "Births":[ { "text":"1494 &#8211; Johannes Agricola, German theologian and reformer (d. 1566)&#91;8&#93;", "html":"<a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/1494\" title=\"1494\">1494</a> &#8211; <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Johannes_Agricola\" title=\"Johannes Agricola\">Johannes Agricola</a>, German theologian and reformer (d. 1566)" },
  //.. MORE DATA ..//
  "Deaths":[ { "text":"689 &#8211; Cædwalla, king of Wessex (b. 659)&#91;21&#93;", "html":"<a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/689\" title=\"689\">689</a> &#8211; <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/C%C3%A6dwalla_of_Wessex\" title=\"Cædwalla of Wessex\">Cædwalla</a>, king of <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Wessex\" title=\"Wessex\">Wessex</a> (b. 659)" },
  //.. MORE DATA ..//
} }

 Usage Limits and Attribution

Requests are restricted to 5 per 30 second period, an API key or registered IP is required for unlimited access and to enable Access-Control-Allow-Origin headers. We require that you show attribution with a link back to https://today.zenquotes.io/ when using the free version of this API. Contact support@zenquotes.io to chat with our friendly dev team and get registered.

Historical event data provided by <a href="https://today.zenquotes.io/" target="_blank">ZenQuotes.io</a>
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