On This Day in 362 BC – Battle of Mantinea: The Thebans, led by Epaminondas, defeated the Spartans.

History Delivered

OnThisDay is a simple API that can be used to fetch historical events into JSON format. While it's not hard to find a similar API, most of them require registration or just plain suck. Our service makes development quick and to the point.

No API Key Required

The OTD-API can be used free of charge but you may not use this service in a manner that exceeds reasonable request volume. When no API key is provided, attribution is required and the number of requests per IP address is limited.

Check out the full documentation →

Unlimited Requests

If you would like to enable Access-Control-Allow-Origin headers, obtain unlimited API requests and run your own version of ZenQuotes, please consider a premium subscription.


Events for July 4

1946 – The Kielce pogrom against Jewish Holocaust survivors in Poland.

1903 – The Philippine–American War is officially concluded.

993Ulrich of Augsburg is canonized as a saint.

1778American Revolutionary War: U.S. forces under George Clark capture Kaskaskia during the Illinois campaign.

1774Orangetown Resolutions are adopted in the Province of New York, one of many protests against the British Parliament's Coercive Acts.

1054 – A supernova, called SN 1054, is seen by Chinese Song dynasty, Arab, and possibly Amerindian observers near the star Zeta Tauri. For several months it remains bright enough to be seen during the day. Its remnants form the Crab Nebula.

1941 – World War II: The Burning of the Riga synagogues: The Great Choral Synagogue in German-occupied Riga is burnt with 300 Jews locked in the basement.

1881 – In Alabama, the Tuskegee Institute opens.

2012 – The discovery of particles consistent with the Higgs boson at the Large Hadron Collider is announced at CERN.

1253 – Battle of West-Capelle: John I of Avesnes defeats Guy of Dampierre.

1982 – Three Iranian diplomats and a journalist are kidnapped in Lebanon by Phalange forces, and their fate remains unknown.

1966 – U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Freedom of Information Act into United States law. The act went into effect the next year.

1838 – The Iowa Territory is organized.

1634 – The city of Trois-Rivières is founded in New France (now Quebec, Canada).

2009 – The Statue of Liberty's crown reopens to the public after eight years of closure due to security concerns following the September 11 attacks.

1998 – Japan launches the Nozomi probe to Mars, joining the United States and Russia as a space exploring nation.

1943 – World War II: In Gibraltar, a Royal Air Force B-24 Liberator bomber crashes into the sea in an apparent accident moments after takeoff, killing sixteen passengers on board, including general Władysław Sikorski, the commander-in-chief of the Polish Army and the Prime Minister of the Polish government-in-exile; only the pilot survives.

1961 – On its maiden voyage, the Soviet nuclear-powered submarine K-19 suffers a complete loss of coolant to its reactor. The crew are able to effect repairs, but 22 of them die of radiation poisoning over the following two years.

1863American Civil War: Siege of Vicksburg: Vicksburg, Mississippi surrenders to U.S. forces under Ulysses S. Grant after 47 days of siege.

836Pactum Sicardi, a peace treaty between the Principality of Benevento and the Duchy of Naples, is signed.

1994Rwandan genocide: Kigali, the Rwandan capital, is captured by the Rwandan Patriotic Front, ending the genocide in the city.

1359Francesco II Ordelaffi of Forlì surrenders to the Papal commander Gil de Albornoz.

Notable Births & Deaths for July 4

  1990 – Richard Mpong, Ghanaian footballer
  2012Hiren Bhattacharyya, Indian poet and author (b. 1932)
  2013 – James Fulton, American dermatologist and academic (b. 1940)
  2017John Blackwell, American R&B, funk, and jazz drummer (b. 1973)
  1986 – Terrance Knighton, American football player
  2014 – Richard Mellon Scaife, American businessman (b. 1932)
  1995Post Malone, American rapper, singer, songwriter and record producer
  1992Ángel Romero, Paraguayan footballer
  1986 – Marte Elden, Norwegian skier
  1984 – Miguel Santos Soares, Timorese footballer
  2015Nedelcho Beronov, Bulgarian judge and politician (b. 1928)
  1999Moa Kikuchi, Japanese musician
  1986 – Rafael Arévalo, Salvadoran tennis player
  2009 – Jean-Baptiste Tati Loutard, Congolese poet and politician (b. 1938)
  2010Robert Neil Butler, American physician and author (b. 1927)
  2016Abbas Kiarostami, Iranian film director, screenwriter, poet, and photographer (b. 1940)
  2018 – Robby Müller, Dutch cinematographer (b. 1940)
  2014 – Earl Robinson, American baseball player (b. 1936)
  1986Ömer Aşık, Turkish basketball player
  1989Benjamin Büchel, Liechtensteiner footballer
  2013 – Bernie Nolan, Irish singer (b. 1960)
  2017 – Daniil Granin, Soviet and Russian author (b. 1919)
  2014Giorgio Faletti, Italian author, screenwriter, and actor (b. 1950)
  2013Onllwyn Brace, Welsh rugby player and sportscaster (b. 1932)
  1988Angelique Boyer, French-Mexican actress
  2014 – C. J. Henderson, American author and critic (b. 1951)
  2015 – William Conrad Gibbons, American historian, author, and academic (b. 1926)
  1985 – Dimitrios Mavroeidis, Greek basketball player
  1990 – Ihar Yasinski, Belarusian footballer
  1987 – Guram Kashia, Georgian footballer
  2021Harmoko, Indonesian politician, former parliament speaker and government minister (b. 1939)
  2018Henri Dirickx, Belgian footballer (b. 1927)
  1990Jake Gardiner, American ice hockey player
  2012 – Jimmy Bivins, American boxer (b. 1919)
  1990 – Naoki Yamada, Japanese footballer
  2013 – Charles A. Hines, American general (b. 1935)
  1992 – Óscar Romero, Paraguayan footballer
  1993Tom Barkhuizen, English footballer
  1986 – Nguyen Ngoc Duy, Vietnamese footballer
  1987Wude Ayalew, Ethiopian runner
  1985 – Wason Rentería, Colombian footballer
  2012 – Jeong Min-hyeong, South Korean footballer (b. 1987)
  1986 – Willem Janssen, Dutch footballer
  1985 – Kane Tenace, Australian footballer
  2013 – Jack Crompton, English footballer and manager (b. 1921)
  2003Polina Bogusevich, Russian singer
  2017 – Gene Conley, American MLB player and NBA player (b. 1930)
  2012 – Eric Sykes, English actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1923)

 Quick Start

Our API is incredibly easy to use, check out the code samples below to get started:

Read the full documentation →

Fetch Historical Events

All you need to do is send a request to https://today.zenquotes.io/api/[month]/[day]/[key] in order to generate a JSON array of historical events, including notable births and deaths. API data pulled from WikiPedia.

*[key] not required but recommended.

Sample Requests

https://today.zenquotes.io/api/1/1 - Generate notable events, births, and deaths for January 1.

https://today.zenquotes.io/api/5/5 - Generate notable events, births, and deaths for May 5.

https://today.zenquotes.io/api/12/25 - Generate notable events, births, and deaths for December 25.


The result data is formatted as a JSON array, grouped by event type.

{ "info":"OnThisDay API", "date":"April_20", "updated":"1615972324",
  "Events":[ { "text":"1303 &#8211; The Sapienza University of Rome is instituted by a bull of Pope Boniface VIII.&#91;1&#93;", "html":"<a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/1303\" title=\"1303\">1303</a> &#8211; The <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Sapienza_University_of_Rome\" title=\"Sapienza University of Rome\">Sapienza University of Rome</a> is instituted by a <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Papal_bull\" title=\"Papal bull\">bull</a> of <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Boniface_VIII\" title=\"Pope Boniface VIII\">Pope Boniface VIII</a>." },
  //.. MORE DATA ..//
  "Births":[ { "text":"1494 &#8211; Johannes Agricola, German theologian and reformer (d. 1566)&#91;8&#93;", "html":"<a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/1494\" title=\"1494\">1494</a> &#8211; <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Johannes_Agricola\" title=\"Johannes Agricola\">Johannes Agricola</a>, German theologian and reformer (d. 1566)" },
  //.. MORE DATA ..//
  "Deaths":[ { "text":"689 &#8211; Cædwalla, king of Wessex (b. 659)&#91;21&#93;", "html":"<a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/689\" title=\"689\">689</a> &#8211; <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/C%C3%A6dwalla_of_Wessex\" title=\"Cædwalla of Wessex\">Cædwalla</a>, king of <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Wessex\" title=\"Wessex\">Wessex</a> (b. 659)" },
  //.. MORE DATA ..//
} }

 Usage Limits and Attribution

Requests are restricted to 5 per 30 second period, an API key or registered IP is required for unlimited access and to enable Access-Control-Allow-Origin headers. We require that you show attribution with a link back to https://today.zenquotes.io/ when using the free version of this API. Contact support@zenquotes.io to chat with our friendly dev team and get registered.

Historical event data provided by <a href="https://today.zenquotes.io/" target="_blank">ZenQuotes.io</a>
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