On This Day in 771 – Austrasian king Carloman I dies, leaving his brother Charlemagne king of the now complete Frankish Kingdom.

History Delivered

OnThisDay is a simple API that can be used to fetch historical events into JSON format. While it's not hard to find a similar API, most of them require registration or just plain suck. Our service makes development quick and to the point.

No API Key Required

The OTD-API can be used free of charge but you may not use this service in a manner that exceeds reasonable request volume. When no API key is provided, attribution is required and the number of requests per IP address is limited.

Check out the full documentation →

Unlimited Requests

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Events for December 4


1956 – The Million Dollar Quartet (Elvis Presley, Jerry Lee Lewis, Carl Perkins, and Johnny Cash) get together at Sun Studio for the first and last time.

1943 – World War II: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt closes down the Works Progress Administration, because of the high levels of wartime employment in the United States.

1965 – Launch of Gemini 7 with crew members Frank Borman and Jim Lovell. The Gemini 7 spacecraft was the passive target for the first crewed space rendezvous performed by the crew of Gemini 6A.

1875 – Notorious New York City politician Boss Tweed escapes from prison; he is later recaptured in Spain.

1984Sri Lankan Civil War: Sri Lankan Army soldiers kill 107–150 civilians in Mannar.

1949Sir Duncan George Stewart was fatally stabbed by Rosli Dhobi, a member leader of the Rukun 13, in Sibu, Sarawak, Malaysia during the British crown colony era in that state.

1964Free Speech Movement: Police arrest over 800 students at the University of California, Berkeley, following their takeover and sit-in at the administration building in protest of the UC Regents' decision to forbid protests on UC property.

1865North Carolina ratifies 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, followed soon by Georgia, and U.S. slaves were legally free within two weeks.

1971 – The PNS Ghazi, a Pakistan Navy submarine, sinks during the course of the Indo-Pakistani Naval War of 1971.

1981 – South Africa grants independence to the Ciskei "homeland" (not recognized by any government outside South Africa).

1619 – Thirty-eight colonists arrive at Berkeley Hundred, Virginia. The group's charter proclaims that the day "be yearly and perpetually kept holy as a day of thanksgiving to Almighty God."

1983US Navy aircraft from USS John F. Kennedy and USS Independence attack Syrian missile sites in Lebanon in response to an F-14 being fired on by an SA-7. One A-6 Intruder and A-7 Corsair are shot down. One American pilot is killed, one is rescued, and one is captured.

1991Terry A. Anderson is released after seven years in captivity as a hostage in Beirut; he is the last and longest-held American hostage in Lebanon.

2006Six black youths assault a white teenager in Jena, Louisiana.

1969Black Panther Party members Fred Hampton and Mark Clark are shot and killed during a raid by 14 Chicago police officers.

1864American Civil War: Sherman's March to the Sea: At Waynesboro, Georgia, forces under Union General Judson Kilpatrick prevent troops led by Confederate General Joseph Wheeler from interfering with Union General William T. Sherman's campaign destroying a wide swath of the South on his march to the Atlantic Ocean from Atlanta.

2017 – The Thomas Fire starts near Santa Paula in California. It eventually became the largest wildfire in modern California history to date after burning 440 square miles (1,140 km2) in Ventura and Santa Barbara Counties.

1783 – At Fraunces Tavern in New York City, U.S. General George Washington bids farewell to his officers.

1979 – The Hastie fire in Hull kills three schoolboys and eventually leads police to arrest Bruce George Peter Lee.

2021Semeru on the Indonesian island of Java erupts, killing at least 43 people.

1986 – The MV Amazon Venture oil tanker begins leaking oil while at the port of Savannah in the United States, resulting in an oil spill of approximately 500,000 US gallons (1,900,000 l).

1978 – Following the murder of Mayor George Moscone, Dianne Feinstein becomes San Francisco's first female mayor.

1998 – The Unity Module, the second module of the International Space Station, is launched.

Notable Births & Deaths for December 4

  2006K. Ganeshalingam, Sri Lankan accountant and politician, Mayor of Colombo (b. 1938)
  1985 – Stephen Dawson, Irish footballer
  1988Andriy Pylyavskyi, Ukrainian footballer
  2011 – Sócrates, Brazilian footballer and manager (b. 1954)
  2012 – Anthony Deane-Drummond, English general (b. 1917)
  2006 – Ross A. McGinnis, American soldier, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1987)
  1992 – Jean-Claude Iranzi, Rwandan footballer
  2017Shashi Kapoor, Indian actor (b. 1938)
  1996Diogo Jota, Portuguese professional footballer
  2014 – V. R. Krishna Iyer, Indian lawyer and judge (b. 1914)
  2009Liam Clancy, Irish singer, actor, and guitarist (b. 1935)
  1990 – Blake Leary, Australian rugby league player
  2016Patricia Robins, British writer and WAAF officer (b. 1921).
  1992Peta Hiku, New Zealand rugby league player
  2015 – Yossi Sarid, Israeli journalist and politician, 15th Israeli Minister of Education (b. 1940)
  2012 – Jack Brooks, American colonel, lawyer, and politician (b. 1922)
  1986 – Martell Webster, American basketball player
  2014 – Vincent L. McKusick, American lawyer and judge (b. 1921)
  2010King Curtis Iaukea, American wrestler (b. 1937)
  2013Joana Raspall i Juanola, Spanish author and poet (b. 1913)
  1984 – Anna Petrakova, Russian basketball player
  2014 – Jeremy Thorpe, English lawyer and politician (b. 1929)
  1983Jimmy Bartel, Australian footballer
  2011Sonia Pierre, Haitian-Dominican activist (b. 1965)
  1986Kaija Udras, Estonian skier
  2015Bill Bennett, Canadian lawyer and politician, 27th Premier of British Columbia (b. 1932)
  1985 – Carlos Gómez, Dominican baseball player
  2015 – Robert Loggia, American actor and director (b. 1930)
  1992 – Kim Seok-Jin, South Korean singer, songwriter and actor
  2011 – Hubert Sumlin, American singer and guitarist (b. 1931)
  1990Lukman Haruna, Nigerian footballer
  1991Reality Winner, American intelligence specialist convicted of espionage
  2012Vasily Belov, Russian author, poet, and playwright (b. 1932)
  1988 – Yeng Constantino, Filipina singer and songwriter
  2012 – Miguel Calero, Colombian footballer and manager (b. 1971)
  2007Pimp C, American rapper (b. 1973)
  1996 – Sebastián Vegas, Chilean footballer
  1983 – Chinx, American rapper (d. 2015)
  1987Orlando Brown, American actor and rapper
  2005 – Gregg Hoffman, American film producer (b. 1963)
  1984 – Joe Thomas, American football player
  1984Marco Giambruno, Italian footballer
  1996 – Ivan Belikov, Russian footballer
  1985Andrew Brackman, American baseball player
  1996 – Sheryl Sheinafia, Indonesian singer-songwriter and actress
  2005Errol Brathwaite, New Zealand soldier and author (b. 1924)
  1990 – Igor Sjunin, Estonian triple jumper
  2014Claudia Emerson, American poet and academic (b. 1957)

 Quick Start

Our API is incredibly easy to use, check out the code samples below to get started:

Read the full documentation →

Fetch Historical Events

All you need to do is send a request to https://today.zenquotes.io/api/[month]/[day]/[key] in order to generate a JSON array of historical events, including notable births and deaths. API data pulled from WikiPedia.

*[key] not required but recommended.


Sample Requests

https://today.zenquotes.io/api/1/1 - Generate notable events, births, and deaths for January 1.

https://today.zenquotes.io/api/5/5 - Generate notable events, births, and deaths for May 5.

https://today.zenquotes.io/api/12/25 - Generate notable events, births, and deaths for December 25.


Response

The result data is formatted as a JSON array, grouped by event type.


{ "info":"OnThisDay API", "date":"April_20", "updated":"1615972324",
"data":{
  "Events":[ { "text":"1303 &#8211; The Sapienza University of Rome is instituted by a bull of Pope Boniface VIII.&#91;1&#93;", "html":"<a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/1303\" title=\"1303\">1303</a> &#8211; The <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Sapienza_University_of_Rome\" title=\"Sapienza University of Rome\">Sapienza University of Rome</a> is instituted by a <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Papal_bull\" title=\"Papal bull\">bull</a> of <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Boniface_VIII\" title=\"Pope Boniface VIII\">Pope Boniface VIII</a>." },
  //.. MORE DATA ..//
  "Births":[ { "text":"1494 &#8211; Johannes Agricola, German theologian and reformer (d. 1566)&#91;8&#93;", "html":"<a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/1494\" title=\"1494\">1494</a> &#8211; <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Johannes_Agricola\" title=\"Johannes Agricola\">Johannes Agricola</a>, German theologian and reformer (d. 1566)" },
  //.. MORE DATA ..//
  "Deaths":[ { "text":"689 &#8211; Cædwalla, king of Wessex (b. 659)&#91;21&#93;", "html":"<a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/689\" title=\"689\">689</a> &#8211; <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/C%C3%A6dwalla_of_Wessex\" title=\"Cædwalla of Wessex\">Cædwalla</a>, king of <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Wessex\" title=\"Wessex\">Wessex</a> (b. 659)" },
  //.. MORE DATA ..//
} }

 Usage Limits and Attribution

Requests are restricted to 5 per 30 second period, an API key or registered IP is required for unlimited access and to enable Access-Control-Allow-Origin headers. We require that you show attribution with a link back to https://today.zenquotes.io/ when using the free version of this API. Contact support@zenquotes.io to chat with our friendly dev team and get registered.

Historical event data provided by <a href="https://today.zenquotes.io/" target="_blank">ZenQuotes.io</a>
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