On This Day in 506 – Alaric II, eighth king of the Visigoths, promulgates the Breviary of Alaric (Breviarium Alaricianum or Lex Romana Visigothorum), a collection of "Roman law".

History Delivered

OnThisDay is a simple API that can be used to fetch historical events into JSON format. While it's not hard to find a similar API, most of them require registration or just plain suck. Our service makes development quick and to the point.

No API Key Required

The OTD-API can be used free of charge but you may not use this service in a manner that exceeds reasonable request volume. When no API key is provided, attribution is required and the number of requests per IP address is limited.

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Unlimited Requests

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Events for February 2


1868 – Pro-Imperial forces capture Osaka Castle from the Tokugawa shogunate and burn it to the ground.

1982Hama massacre: The government of Syria attacks the town of Hama.

1990Apartheid: F. W. de Klerk announces the unbanning of the African National Congress and promises to release Nelson Mandela.

2007 – Police officer Filippo Raciti is killed when a clash breaks out in the Sicily derby between Catania and Palermo, in the Serie A, the top flight of Italian football. This event led to major changes in stadium regulations in Italy.

1653New Amsterdam (later renamed The City of New York) is incorporated.

1850Brigham Young declares war on Timpanogos in the Battle at Fort Utah.

2004 – Swiss tennis player Roger Federer becomes the No. 1 ranked men's singles player, a position he will hold for a record 237 weeks.

2000 – First digital cinema projection in Europe (Paris) realized by Philippe Binant with the DLP CINEMA technology developed by Texas Instruments.

1887 – In Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania, the first Groundhog Day is observed.

1870The Seven Brothers (Seitsemän veljestä), a novel by Finnish author Aleksis Kivi, is published first time in several thin booklets.

1900 – Boston, Detroit, Milwaukee, Baltimore, Chicago and St. Louis, agree to form baseball's American League.

2012 – The ferry MV Rabaul Queen sinks off the coast of Papua New Guinea near the Finschhafen District, with an estimated 146–165 dead.

1922Ulysses by James Joyce is published.

1998Cebu Pacific Flight 387 crashes into Mount Sumagaya in the Philippines, killing all 104 people on board.

1989Soviet–Afghan War: The last Soviet armoured column leaves Kabul.

1913Grand Central Terminal opens in New York City.

1920 – The Tartu Peace Treaty is signed between Estonia and Russia.

1942 – The Osvald Group is responsible for the first, active event of anti-Nazi resistance in Norway, to protest the inauguration of Vidkun Quisling.

Notable Births & Deaths for February 2

  2000Munetaka Murakami, Japanese baseball player
  2014 – Nicholas Brooks, English historian (b. 1941)
  1992Lammtarra, American race horse (d. 2014)
  1988JuJu Chan, Hong Kong-born American actress, martial artist, model, singer, taekwondo athlete and writer
  2013 – Walt Sweeney, American football player (b. 1941)
  2016Bob Elliott, American comedian, actor, and screenwriter (b. 1923)
  2013 – Chris Kyle, American soldier and sniper (b. 1974)
  2013 – Guy F. Tozzoli, American architect (b. 1922)
  2013 – Lino Oviedo, Paraguayan general and politician (b. 1943)
  1989Southside, American record producer
  2021Captain Sir Tom Moore, British Army officer and charity campaigner (b. 1920)
  2014 – Bunny Rugs, Jamaican singer (b. 1948)
  2013 – John Kerr, American actor and lawyer (b. 1931)
  1994Caterina Bosetti, Italian volleyball player
  2015 – Dave Bergman, American baseball player (b. 1953)
  2013 – Pepper Paire, American baseball player (b. 1924)
  1991 – Shohei Nanba, Japanese actor
  1988 – Zosia Mamet, American actress
  2015 – Stewart Stern, American screenwriter (b. 1922)
  1998Shiho Katō, Japanese idol
  1987 – Javon Ringer, American football player
  1987 – Faydee, Australian singer
  1993 – Bobby Decordova-Reid, English born Jamaican international footballer
  2013 – P. Shanmugam, Indian politician, 13th Chief Minister of Puducherry (b. 1927)
  2014 – Tommy Aquino, American motorcycle racer (b. 1992)
  1995 – Arfa Karim, Pakistani student and computer prodigy (d. 2012)
  1991Nathan Delfouneso, English footballer
  1987 – Martin Spanjers, American actor and producer
  1996Harry Winks, English international footballer
  1991 – Gregory Mertens, Belgian footballer (d. 2015)
  1995Paul Digby, English footballer
  1987 – Athena Imperial, Filipino journalist, Miss Earth-Water 2011
  2015Joseph Alfidi, American pianist, composer, and conductor (b. 1949)
  2015 – Molade Okoya-Thomas, Nigerian businessman and philanthropist (b. 1935)
  2015 – The Jacka, American rapper and producer (b. 1977)
  2014Gerd Albrecht, German conductor (b. 1935)
  1987 – Mimi Page, American singer-songwriter and composer
  2014 – Philip Seymour Hoffman, American actor, director, and producer (b. 1967)
  2014 – Nigel Walker, English footballer (b. 1959)
  2014 – Luis Raúl, Puerto Rican comedian and actor (b. 1962)
  2020Bernard Ebbers, Canadian businessman, the co-founder and CEO of WorldCom (b. 1941)
  2015 – Andriy Kuzmenko, Ukrainian singer-songwriter and actor (b. 1968)
  1987 – Gerard Piqué, Spanish footballer
  2014 – Eduardo Coutinho, Brazilian actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1933)
  1992 – Joonas Tamm, Estonian footballer
  1995 – Aleksander Jagiełło, Polish footballer
  1987 – Jill Scott, English footballer
  1993Ravel Morrison, English footballer

 Quick Start

Our API is incredibly easy to use, check out the code samples below to get started:

Read the full documentation →

Fetch Historical Events

All you need to do is send a request to https://today.zenquotes.io/api/[month]/[day]/[key] in order to generate a JSON array of historical events, including notable births and deaths. API data pulled from WikiPedia.

*[key] not required but recommended.


Sample Requests

https://today.zenquotes.io/api/1/1 - Generate notable events, births, and deaths for January 1.

https://today.zenquotes.io/api/5/5 - Generate notable events, births, and deaths for May 5.

https://today.zenquotes.io/api/12/25 - Generate notable events, births, and deaths for December 25.


Response

The result data is formatted as a JSON array, grouped by event type.


{ "info":"OnThisDay API", "date":"April_20", "updated":"1615972324",
"data":{
  "Events":[ { "text":"1303 &#8211; The Sapienza University of Rome is instituted by a bull of Pope Boniface VIII.&#91;1&#93;", "html":"<a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/1303\" title=\"1303\">1303</a> &#8211; The <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Sapienza_University_of_Rome\" title=\"Sapienza University of Rome\">Sapienza University of Rome</a> is instituted by a <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Papal_bull\" title=\"Papal bull\">bull</a> of <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Boniface_VIII\" title=\"Pope Boniface VIII\">Pope Boniface VIII</a>." },
  //.. MORE DATA ..//
  "Births":[ { "text":"1494 &#8211; Johannes Agricola, German theologian and reformer (d. 1566)&#91;8&#93;", "html":"<a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/1494\" title=\"1494\">1494</a> &#8211; <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Johannes_Agricola\" title=\"Johannes Agricola\">Johannes Agricola</a>, German theologian and reformer (d. 1566)" },
  //.. MORE DATA ..//
  "Deaths":[ { "text":"689 &#8211; Cædwalla, king of Wessex (b. 659)&#91;21&#93;", "html":"<a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/689\" title=\"689\">689</a> &#8211; <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/C%C3%A6dwalla_of_Wessex\" title=\"Cædwalla of Wessex\">Cædwalla</a>, king of <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Wessex\" title=\"Wessex\">Wessex</a> (b. 659)" },
  //.. MORE DATA ..//
} }

 Usage Limits and Attribution

Requests are restricted to 5 per 30 second period, an API key or registered IP is required for unlimited access and to enable Access-Control-Allow-Origin headers. We require that you show attribution with a link back to https://today.zenquotes.io/ when using the free version of this API. Contact support@zenquotes.io to chat with our friendly dev team and get registered.

Historical event data provided by <a href="https://today.zenquotes.io/" target="_blank">ZenQuotes.io</a>
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