On This Day in 1430 – Joan of Arc is captured at the Siege of Compiègne by troops from the Burgundian faction.

History Delivered

OnThisDay is a simple API that can be used to fetch historical events into JSON format. While it's not hard to find a similar API, most of them require registration or just plain suck. Our service makes development quick and to the point.

No API Key Required

The OTD-API can be used free of charge but you may not use this service in a manner that exceeds reasonable request volume. When no API key is provided, attribution is required and the number of requests per IP address is limited.

Check out the full documentation →

Unlimited Requests

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Events for May 23


1568 – Dutch rebels led by Louis of Nassau, defeat Jean de Ligne, Duke of Arenberg, and his loyalist troops in the Battle of Heiligerlee, opening the Eighty Years' War.

1844Báb: A merchant of Shiraz announces that he is a Prophet and founds a religious movement. He is considered to be a forerunner of the Baháʼí Faith.

1978 – A Tupolev Tu-144 crashes near the Russian town of Yegoryevsk, killing two.

2021 – Ryanair Flight 4978 is forced to land by Belarusian authorities to detain dissident journalist Roman Protasevich.

1998 – The Good Friday Agreement is accepted in a referendum in Northern Ireland with roughly 75% voting yes.

1992 – Italy's most prominent anti-mafia judge Giovanni Falcone, his wife and three body guards are killed by the Corleonesi clan with a half-ton bomb near Capaci, Sicily. His friend and colleague Paolo Borsellino will be assassinated less than two months later, making 1992 a turning point in the history of Italian Mafia prosecutions.

1946 – The start of a two-day tornado outbreak across the Central United States that spawned at least 15 significant tornadoes.

1829Accordion patent granted to Cyrill Demian in Vienna, Austrian Empire.

1971 – The Intercontinental Hotel in Bucharest opens, becoming the second-tallest building in the city.

2021 – A cable car falls from a mountain near Lake Maggiore in northern Italy, killing 14 people.

1945World War II: Heinrich Himmler, head of the Schutzstaffel, commits suicide while in Allied custody.

2013 – A freeway bridge carrying Interstate 5 over the Skagit River collapses in Mount Vernon, Washington.

1960 – A tsunami caused by an earthquake in Chile the previous day kills 61 people in Hilo, Hawaii.

2008 – The International Court of Justice (ICJ) awards Middle Rocks to Malaysia and Pedra Branca (Pulau Batu Puteh) to Singapore, ending a 29-year territorial dispute between the two countries.

1846Mexican–American War: President Mariano Paredes of Mexico unofficially declares war on the United States.

2016 – Two suicide bombings, conducted by the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria, kill at least 45 potential army recruits in Aden, Yemen.

1533 – The marriage of King Henry VIII to Catherine of Aragon is declared null and void.

1939 – The U.S. Navy submarine USS Squalus sinks off the coast of New Hampshire during a test dive, causing the death of 24 sailors and two civilian technicians. The remaining 32 sailors and one civilian naval architect are rescued the following day.

2014 – Seven people, including the perpetrator, are killed and another 14 injured in a killing spree near the campus of University of California, Santa Barbara.

2022Anthony Albanese of the Australian Labor Party is sworn in as the 31st Prime Minister of Australia after winning the 2022 Australian federal election, ending 9 years of conservative rule.

2006 – Alaskan stratovolcano Mount Cleveland erupts.

1934 – American bank robbers Bonnie and Clyde are ambushed by police and killed in Bienville Parish, Louisiana.

1932 – In Brazil, four students are shot and killed during a manifestation against the Brazilian dictator Getúlio Vargas, which resulted in the outbreak of the Constitutionalist Revolution several weeks later.

Notable Births & Deaths for May 23

  2013 – Flynn Robinson, American basketball player (b. 1941)
  1999James Charles, American internet personality
  2012Paul Fussell, American historian, author, and academic (b. 1924)
  2013Epy Guerrero, Dominican baseball player, coach, and scout (b. 1942)
  1996 – Emmanuel Boateng, Ghanaian footballer
  1998 – Salwa Eid Naser, Bahraini track and field sprinter
  2015 – Aleksey Mozgovoy, Ukrainian sergeant (b. 1975)
  1996 – Razvan Marin, Romanian footballer
  1991 – Lena Meyer-Landrut, German singer-songwriter
  2002 – Sam Snead, American golfer and journalist (b. 1912)
  2011Xavier Tondo, Spanish cyclist (b. 1978)
  2017Roger Moore, English actor (b. 1927)
  2006 – Kazimierz Górski, Polish footballer and manager (b. 1921)
  1989Ezequiel Schelotto, Italian footballer
  1999 – Trinidad Cardona, American singer and songwriter
  2008 – Utah Phillips, American singer-songwriter and poet (b. 1935)
  2021 – Eric Carle, American children's book designer, illustrator, and writer best known for The Very Hungry Caterpillar (b. 1929)
  1991Aaron Donald, American football player
  2010José Lima, Dominican-American baseball player (b. 1972)
  1999 – Sandro Mamukelashvili, Georgian-American basketball player
  2009Roh Moo-hyun, South Korean soldier and politician, 9th President of South Korea (b. 1946)
  2014Mikhail Egorovich Alekseev, Russian linguist and academic (b. 1949)
  1991 – César Pinares, Chilean footballer
  1997Pedro Chirivella, Spanish footballer
  2013 – Georges Moustaki, Egyptian-French singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1934)
  1998Sérgio Sette Câmara, Brazilian racing driver
  2008Iñaki Ochoa de Olza, Spanish mountaineer (b. 1967)
  1997 – Joe Gomez, English footballer
  1997 – Sam Timmins, New Zealand basketball player
  2010 – Simon Monjack, English director, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1970)
  1996Katharina Althaus, German ski jumper
  1988 – Morgan Pressel, American golfer
  2015Anne Meara, American actress, comedian and playwright (b. 1929)
  2015 – Alicia Nash, Salvadoran-American physicist and engineer (b. 1933)
  1997 – Coy Craft, American footballer
  2006Lloyd Bentsen, American colonel and politician, 69th United States Secretary of the Treasury (b. 1921)
  2000Felipe Drugovich, Brazilian-Italian racing driver
  1990Dan Evans, British tennis player
  1990 – Oliver Venno, Estonian volleyball player
  2020Hana Kimura, Japanese professional wrestler (b. 1997)
  2013 – Hayri Kozakçıoğlu, Turkish police officer and politician, 15th Governor of Istanbul Province (b. 1938)
  1990 – Kristina Kucova, Slovakian tennis player
  1997 – Gustaf Nilsson, Swedish footballer
  1988 – Angelo Ogbonna, Italian footballer
  2015 – John Forbes Nash, Jr., American mathematician and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1928)
  2021Ron Hill, English long-distance runner (b. 1938)
  1988Rosanna Crawford, Canadian biathlete
  2014 – Madhav Mantri, Indian cricketer (b. 1921)

 Quick Start

Our API is incredibly easy to use, check out the code samples below to get started:

Read the full documentation →

Fetch Historical Events

All you need to do is send a request to https://today.zenquotes.io/api/[month]/[day]/[key] in order to generate a JSON array of historical events, including notable births and deaths. API data pulled from WikiPedia.

*[key] not required but recommended.


Sample Requests

https://today.zenquotes.io/api - Generate notable events, births, and deaths for current server time (UTC).

https://today.zenquotes.io/api/1/1 - Generate notable events, births, and deaths for January 1.

https://today.zenquotes.io/api/5/5 - Generate notable events, births, and deaths for May 5.

https://today.zenquotes.io/api/12/25 - Generate notable events, births, and deaths for December 25.


Response

The result data is formatted as a JSON array, grouped by event type.


{ "info":"OnThisDay API", "date":"April_20", "updated":"1615972324",
"data":{
  "Events":[ 
    { 
      "text":"1303 – The Sapienza University of Rome is instituted by a bull of Pope Boniface VIII.[1]", 
      "html":"<a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/1303\" title=\"1303\">1303</a> &#8211; The <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Sapienza_University_of_Rome\" title=\"Sapienza University of Rome\">Sapienza University of Rome</a> is instituted by a <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Papal_bull\" title=\"Papal bull\">bull</a> of <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Boniface_VIII\" title=\"Pope Boniface VIII\">Pope Boniface VIII</a>." 
    },
    //.. MORE DATA ..//
  ],
  "Births":[ 
    { 
      "text":"1494 &#8211; Johannes Agricola, German theologian and reformer (d. 1566)&#91;8&#93;", 
      "html":"<a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/1494\" title=\"1494\">1494</a> &#8211; <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Johannes_Agricola\" title=\"Johannes Agricola\">Johannes Agricola</a>, German theologian and reformer (d. 1566)" 
    },
    //.. MORE DATA ..//
  ],
  "Deaths":[ 
    { 
      "text":"689 &#8211; Cædwalla, king of Wessex (b. 659)&#91;21&#93;", 
      "html":"<a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/689\" title=\"689\">689</a> &#8211; <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/C%C3%A6dwalla_of_Wessex\" title=\"Cædwalla of Wessex\">Cædwalla</a>, king of <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Wessex\" title=\"Wessex\">Wessex</a> (b. 659)" },
      //.. MORE DATA ..//
    }
  ]
} }

 Usage Limits and Attribution

Requests are restricted to 5 per 30 second period, an API key or registered IP is required for unlimited access and to enable Access-Control-Allow-Origin headers. We require that you show attribution with a link back to https://today.zenquotes.io/ when using the free version of this API. Contact support@zenquotes.io to chat with our friendly dev team and get registered.

Historical event data provided by <a href="https://today.zenquotes.io/" target="_blank">ZenQuotes.io</a>
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