On This Day in 202 BC – Liu Bang is enthroned as the Emperor of China, beginning four centuries of rule by the Han dynasty.

History Delivered

OnThisDay is a simple API that can be used to fetch historical events into JSON format. While it's not hard to find a similar API, most of them require registration or just plain suck. Our service makes development quick and to the point.

No API Key Required

The OTD-API can be used free of charge but you may not use this service in a manner that exceeds reasonable request volume. When no API key is provided, attribution is required and the number of requests per IP address is limited.

Check out the full documentation →

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Events for February 28


1958 – A school bus in Floyd County, Kentucky hits a wrecker truck and plunges down an embankment into the rain-swollen Levisa Fork river. The driver and 26 children die in one of the worst school bus accidents in U.S. history.

1844 – A gun explodes on board the steam warship USS Princeton during a pleasure cruise down the Potomac River, killing six, including Secretary of State Abel Upshur. President John Tyler, who was also on board, was not injured from the blast.

1835Elias Lönnrot signed and dated the first version of the Kalevala, the so-called foreword to the Old Kalevala.

1974 – The British election ended in a hung parliament after the Jeremy Thorpe-led Liberal Party achieved their biggest vote.

1922 – The United Kingdom ends its protectorate over Egypt through a Unilateral Declaration of Independence.

2023Two trains collide south of the Vale of Tempe in Greece, leading to the deaths of at least 57 people and leaving 58 missing and 85 injured.

1925 – The Charlevoix-Kamouraska earthquake strikes northeastern North America.

1985 – The Provisional Irish Republican Army carries out a mortar attack on the Royal Ulster Constabulary police station at Newry, killing nine officers.

1983 – The final episode of M*A*S*H airs, with almost 110 million viewers.

1997 – A Turkish military memorandum resulted with collapse of the government in Turkey.

1525Aztec king Cuauhtémoc is executed on the order of conquistador Hernán Cortés.

2002 – During the religious violence in Gujarat, 97 people are killed in the Naroda Patiya massacre and 69 in the Gulbarg Society massacre.

1638 – The Scottish National Covenant is signed in Edinburgh.

1959Discoverer 1, an American spy satellite that is the first object intended to achieve a polar orbit, is launched but fails to achieve orbit.

2001 – The 2001 Nisqually earthquake, having a moment magnitude of 6.8, with epicenter in the southern Puget Sound, damages Seattle metropolitan area.

202 BCLiu Bang is enthroned as the Emperor of China, beginning four centuries of rule by the Han dynasty.

1966 – A NASA T-38 Talon crashes into the McDonnell Aircraft factory while attempting a poor-visibility landing at Lambert Field, St. Louis, killing astronauts Elliot See and Charles Bassett.

2013Pope Benedict XVI resigns as the pope of the Catholic Church, becoming the first pope to do so since Pope Gregory XII, in 1415.

1947February 28 Incident: In Taiwan, civil disorder is put down with the death of an estimated 28,000 civilians.

1975 – In London, an underground train fails to stop at Moorgate terminus station and crashes into the end of the tunnel, killing 43 people.

1993 – The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms agents raid the Branch Davidian church in Waco, Texas with a warrant to arrest the group's leader David Koresh starting a 51-day standoff.

Notable Births & Deaths for February 28

  1988Aroldis Chapman, Cuban baseball player
  2016George Kennedy, American actor (b. 1925)
  1980Pascal Bosschaart, Dutch footballer
  2002 – Helmut Zacharias, German violinist and composer (b. 1920)
  2007 – Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr. American historian and critic (b. 1917)
  1977Eddie "Rochester" Anderson, American actor and comedian (b. 1905)
  2011Annie Girardot, French actress (b. 1931)
  2020 – Sir Lenox Hewitt, Australian public servant (b. 1917)
  1981Brian Bannister, American baseball player and scout
  1975Neville Cardus, English cricket and music writer (b. 1888)
  1978Benjamin Raich, Austrian skier
  2005Chris Curtis, English singer and drummer (b. 1941)
  1990Takayasu Akira, Japanese sumo wrestler
  1998Arkady Shevchenko, Ukrainian diplomat (b. 1930)
  1984Karolína Kurková, Czech model and actress
  2009Paul Harvey, American radio host (b. 1918)
  1966Charles Bassett, American captain, engineer, and astronaut (b. 1931)
  1977 – Lance Hoyt, American football player and wrestler
  1989 – Kevin Proctor, New Zealand rugby league player
  1979Sébastien Bourdais, French race car driver
  2004Daniel J. Boorstin, American historian and librarian (b. 1914)
  2006Owen Chamberlain, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1920)
  1982Natalia Vodianova, Russian-French model and actress
  1978 – Mariano Zabaleta, Argentinian tennis player
  2013Donald A. Glaser, American physicist and biologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1926)
  1989Carlos Dunlap, American football player
  1993 – Ruby Keeler, Canadian-American actress and dancer (b. 1909)
  1980 – Tayshaun Prince, American basketball player
  1999Luka Dončić, Slovenian basketball player
  2019André Previn, German-American pianist, conductor, and composer. (b. 1929)
  1989 – Charles Jenkins, American basketball player
  1978 – Jamaal Tinsley, American basketball player
  1987 – Antonio Candreva, Italian footballer
  2015Yaşar Kemal, Turkish journalist and author (b. 1923)
  1978Zara Cully, American actress (b. 1892)
  1987Akito, Japanese professional wrestler
  2020 – Freeman Dyson, British-born American physicist and mathematician (b. 1923)
  1985Tim Bresnan, English cricketer
  2020Joe Coulombe, founder of Trader Joe's (b. 1930)
  1979 – Ivo Karlović, Croatian tennis player
  1985 – Jelena Janković, Serbian tennis player
  1980 – Christian Poulsen, Danish footballer
  1994Arkadiusz Milik, Polish footballer
  2003Chris Brasher, Guyanese-English runner and journalist, co-founded the London Marathon (b. 1928)
  1985 – Diego Ribas da Cunha, Brazilian footballer
  2014Hugo Brandt Corstius, Dutch linguist and author (b. 1935)
  1966 – Elliot See, American commander, engineer, and astronaut (b. 1927)
  2002Mary Stuart, American actress and singer (b. 1926)

 Quick Start

Our API is incredibly easy to use, check out the code samples below to get started:

Read the full documentation →

Fetch Historical Events

All you need to do is send a request to https://today.zenquotes.io/api/[month]/[day]/[key] in order to generate a JSON array of historical events, including notable births and deaths. API data pulled from WikiPedia.

*[key] not required but recommended.


Sample Requests

https://today.zenquotes.io/api - Generate notable events, births, and deaths for current server time (UTC).

https://today.zenquotes.io/api/1/1 - Generate notable events, births, and deaths for January 1.

https://today.zenquotes.io/api/5/5 - Generate notable events, births, and deaths for May 5.

https://today.zenquotes.io/api/12/25 - Generate notable events, births, and deaths for December 25.


Response

The result data is formatted as a JSON array, grouped by event type.


{ "info":"OnThisDay API", "date":"April_20", "updated":"1615972324",
"data":{
  "Events":[ 
    { 
      "text":"1303 – The Sapienza University of Rome is instituted by a bull of Pope Boniface VIII.[1]", 
      "html":"<a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/1303\" title=\"1303\">1303</a> &#8211; The <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Sapienza_University_of_Rome\" title=\"Sapienza University of Rome\">Sapienza University of Rome</a> is instituted by a <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Papal_bull\" title=\"Papal bull\">bull</a> of <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Boniface_VIII\" title=\"Pope Boniface VIII\">Pope Boniface VIII</a>." 
    },
    //.. MORE DATA ..//
  ],
  "Births":[ 
    { 
      "text":"1494 &#8211; Johannes Agricola, German theologian and reformer (d. 1566)&#91;8&#93;", 
      "html":"<a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/1494\" title=\"1494\">1494</a> &#8211; <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Johannes_Agricola\" title=\"Johannes Agricola\">Johannes Agricola</a>, German theologian and reformer (d. 1566)" 
    },
    //.. MORE DATA ..//
  ],
  "Deaths":[ 
    { 
      "text":"689 &#8211; Cædwalla, king of Wessex (b. 659)&#91;21&#93;", 
      "html":"<a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/689\" title=\"689\">689</a> &#8211; <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/C%C3%A6dwalla_of_Wessex\" title=\"Cædwalla of Wessex\">Cædwalla</a>, king of <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Wessex\" title=\"Wessex\">Wessex</a> (b. 659)" },
      //.. MORE DATA ..//
    }
  ]
} }

 Usage Limits and Attribution

Requests are restricted to 5 per 30 second period, an API key or registered IP is required for unlimited access and to enable Access-Control-Allow-Origin headers. We require that you show attribution with a link back to https://today.zenquotes.io/ when using the free version of this API. Contact support@zenquotes.io to chat with our friendly dev team and get registered.

Historical event data provided by <a href="https://today.zenquotes.io/" target="_blank">ZenQuotes.io</a>
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