On This Day in 379 – Emperor Gratian elevates Flavius Theodosius at Sirmium to Augustus, and gives him authority over all the eastern provinces of the Roman Empire.[1]

History Delivered

OnThisDay is a simple API that can be used to fetch historical events into JSON format. While it's not hard to find a similar API, most of them require registration or just plain suck. Our service makes development quick and to the point.

No API Key Required

The OTD-API can be used free of charge but you may not use this service in a manner that exceeds reasonable request volume. When no API key is provided, attribution is required and the number of requests per IP address is limited.

Check out the full documentation →

Unlimited Requests

If you would like to enable Access-Control-Allow-Origin headers, obtain unlimited API requests and run your own version of ZenQuotes, please consider a premium subscription.


Events for January 19

1862 – American Civil War: Battle of Mill Springs: The Confederacy suffers its first significant defeat in the conflict.

1788 – The second group of ships of the First Fleet arrive at Botany Bay.

1915 – German strategic bombing during World War I: German zeppelins bomb the towns of Great Yarmouth and King's Lynn in the United Kingdom killing at least 20 people, in the first major aerial bombardment of a civilian target.

1969 – Student Jan Palach dies after setting himself on fire three days earlier in Prague's Wenceslas Square to protest about the invasion of Czechoslovakia by the Soviet Union in 1968. His funeral turns into another major protest.

1953 – Almost 72 percent of all television sets in the United States are tuned into I Love Lucy to watch Lucy give birth.

1946 – General Douglas MacArthur establishes the International Military Tribunal for the Far East in Tokyo to try Japanese war criminals.

2007 – Four-man Team N2i, using only skis and kites, completes a 1,093-mile (1,759 km) trek to reach the Antarctic pole of inaccessibility for the first time since 1965 and for the first time ever without mechanical assistance.

649Conquest of Kucha: The forces of Kucha surrender after a forty-day siege led by Tang dynasty general Ashina She'er, establishing Tang control over the northern Tarim Basin in Xinjiang.

1981Iran hostage crisis: United States and Iranian officials sign an agreement to release 52 American hostages after 14 months of captivity.

1983 – The Apple Lisa, the first commercial personal computer from Apple Inc. to have a graphical user interface and a computer mouse, is announced.

379 – Emperor Gratian elevates Flavius Theodosius at Sirmium to Augustus, and gives him authority over all the eastern provinces of the Roman Empire.

1977 – President Gerald Ford pardons Iva Toguri D'Aquino (a.k.a. "Tokyo Rose").

1942 – World War II: The Japanese conquest of Burma begins.

1996 – The barge North Cape oil spill occurs as an engine fire forces the tugboat Scandia ashore on Moonstone Beach in South Kingstown, Rhode Island.

2007 – Turkish-Armenian journalist Hrant Dink is assassinated in front of his newspaper's Istanbul office by 17-year-old Turkish ultra-nationalist Ogün Samast.

1991Gulf War: Iraq fires a second Scud missile into Israel, causing 15 injuries.

1764Bolle Willum Luxdorph records in his diary that a mail bomb, possibly the world's first, has severely injured the Danish Colonel Poulsen, residing at Børglum Abbey.

1511 – The Italian Duchy of Mirandola surrenders to the Pope.

1997Yasser Arafat returns to Hebron after more than 30 years and joins celebrations over the handover of the last Israeli-controlled West Bank city.

2014 – A bomb attack on an army convoy in the city of Bannu kills at least 26 Pakistani soldiers and injures 38 others.

1853Giuseppe Verdi's opera Il trovatore receives its premiere performance in Rome.

Notable Births & Deaths for January 19

  2015Justin Capră, Romanian engineer and academic (b. 1933)
  1993Erick Torres Padilla, Mexican footballer
  1985 – Pascal Behrenbruch, German decathlete
  1984 – Thomas Vanek, Austrian ice hockey player
  1987Edgar Manucharyan, Armenian footballer
  1990Tatiana Búa, Argentine tennis player
  2007 – Murat Nasyrov, Russian singer-songwriter (b. 1969)
  1992Shawn Johnson, American gymnast
  1986 – Oleksandr Miroshnychenko, Ukrainian footballer
  1985 – Benny Feilhaber, American soccer player
  1994 – Alfie Mawson, English footballer
  2014 – Christopher Chataway, English runner, journalist, and politician (b. 1931)
  2014Azaria Alon, Ukrainian-Israeli environmentalist, co-founded the Society for the Protection of Nature in Israel (b. 1918)
  1985Jake Allen, American football player
  1985 – Aleksandr Yevgenyevich Nikulin, Russian footballer
  2008Suzanne Pleshette, American actress (b. 1937)
  2015 – Ward Swingle, American-French singer-songwriter and conductor (b. 1927)
  1985 – Esteban Guerrieri, Argentinian race car driver
  1986Claudio Marchisio, Italian footballer
  2013 – Frank Pooler, American conductor and composer (b. 1926)
  2016Richard Levins, American ecologist and geneticist (b. 1930)
  1991Erin Sanders, American actress
  2013 – Stan Musial, American baseball player and manager (b. 1920)
  2012 – Rudi van Dantzig, Dutch ballet dancer and choreographer (b. 1933)
  2012 – Sarah Burke, Canadian skier (b. 1982)
  1986 – Moussa Sow, Senegalese footballer
  1992 – Mac Miller, American rapper (d. 2018)
  2016 – Ettore Scola, Italian director and screenwriter (b. 1931)
  1984 – Karun Chandhok, Indian race car driver
  2012Peter Åslin, Swedish ice hockey player (b. 1962)
  2013 – Earl Weaver, American baseball player and manager (b. 1930)
  1984 – Jimmy Kébé, Malian footballer
  1994Matthias Ginter, German footballer
  2017Miguel Ferrer, American actor (b. 1955)
  2013 – Toktamış Ateş, Turkish academician, political commentator, columnist and writer (b. 1944)
  2010Bill McLaren, Scottish rugby player and sportscaster (b. 1923)
  2008 – Don Wittman, Canadian sportscaster (b. 1936)
  2015 – Michel Guimond, Canadian lawyer and politician (b. 1953)
  1988 – Tyler Breeze, Canadian wrestler
  1991Petra Martić, Croatian tennis player
  2008 – John Stewart, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1939)
  1985 – Elliott Ward, English footballer
  2016 – Sheila Sim (Lady Attenborough), English actress (b. 1922)
  2012 – Winston Riley, Jamaican singer-songwriter and producer (b. 1943)
  2013Taihō Kōki, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 48th Yokozuna (b. 1940)
  1988JaVale McGee, American basketball player
  2007 – Denny Doherty, Canadian singer-songwriter (b. 1940)
  1985 – Rika Ishikawa, Japanese singer and actress

 Quick Start

Our API is incredibly easy to use, check out the code samples below to get started:

Read the full documentation →

Fetch Historical Events

All you need to do is send a request to https://today.zenquotes.io/api/[month]/[day]/[key] in order to generate a JSON array of historical events, including notable births and deaths. API data pulled from WikiPedia.

*[key] not required but recommended.

Sample Requests

https://today.zenquotes.io/api/1/1 - Generate notable events, births, and deaths for January 1.

https://today.zenquotes.io/api/5/5 - Generate notable events, births, and deaths for May 5.

https://today.zenquotes.io/api/12/25 - Generate notable events, births, and deaths for December 25.


The result data is formatted as a JSON array, grouped by event type.

{ "info":"OnThisDay API", "date":"April_20", "updated":"1615972324",
  "Events":[ { "text":"1303 &#8211; The Sapienza University of Rome is instituted by a bull of Pope Boniface VIII.&#91;1&#93;", "html":"<a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/1303\" title=\"1303\">1303</a> &#8211; The <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Sapienza_University_of_Rome\" title=\"Sapienza University of Rome\">Sapienza University of Rome</a> is instituted by a <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Papal_bull\" title=\"Papal bull\">bull</a> of <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Boniface_VIII\" title=\"Pope Boniface VIII\">Pope Boniface VIII</a>." },
  //.. MORE DATA ..//
  "Births":[ { "text":"1494 &#8211; Johannes Agricola, German theologian and reformer (d. 1566)&#91;8&#93;", "html":"<a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/1494\" title=\"1494\">1494</a> &#8211; <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Johannes_Agricola\" title=\"Johannes Agricola\">Johannes Agricola</a>, German theologian and reformer (d. 1566)" },
  //.. MORE DATA ..//
  "Deaths":[ { "text":"689 &#8211; Cædwalla, king of Wessex (b. 659)&#91;21&#93;", "html":"<a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/689\" title=\"689\">689</a> &#8211; <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/C%C3%A6dwalla_of_Wessex\" title=\"Cædwalla of Wessex\">Cædwalla</a>, king of <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Wessex\" title=\"Wessex\">Wessex</a> (b. 659)" },
  //.. MORE DATA ..//
} }

 Usage Limits and Attribution

Requests are restricted to 5 per 30 second period, an API key or registered IP is required for unlimited access and to enable Access-Control-Allow-Origin headers. We require that you show attribution with a link back to https://today.zenquotes.io/ when using the free version of this API. Contact support@zenquotes.io to chat with our friendly dev team and get registered.

Historical event data provided by <a href="https://today.zenquotes.io/" target="_blank">ZenQuotes.io</a>
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