On This Day in 43 BC – Legions loyal to the Roman Senate, commanded by Gaius Pansa, defeat the forces of Mark Antony in the Battle of Forum Gallorum.

History Delivered

OnThisDay is a simple API that can be used to fetch historical events into JSON format. While it's not hard to find a similar API, most of them require registration or just plain suck. Our service makes development quick and to the point.

No API Key Required

The OTD-API can be used free of charge but you may not use this service in a manner that exceeds reasonable request volume. When no API key is provided, attribution is required and the number of requests per IP address is limited.

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Events for April 14


2003 – U.S. troops in Baghdad capture Abu Abbas, leader of the Palestinian group that killed an American on the hijacked cruise liner MS Achille Lauro in 1985.

972Otto II, Co-Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, marries Byzantine princess Theophanu. She is crowned empress by Pope John XIII in Rome the same day.

1979 – The Progressive Alliance of Liberia stages a protest, without a permit, against an increase in rice prices proposed by the government, with clashes between protestors and the police resulting in over 70 deaths and over 500 injuries.

1793 – The French troops led by Léger-Félicité Sonthonax defeat the slaves settlers in the Siege of Port-au-Prince.

1945Razing of Friesoythe: The 4th Canadian (Armoured) Division deliberately destroys the German town of Friesoythe on the orders of Major General Christopher Vokes.

1999 – A severe hailstorm strikes Sydney, Australia causing A$2.3 billion in insured damages, the most costly natural disaster in Australian history.

2002Venezuelan president Hugo Chávez returns to office two days after being ousted and arrested by the country's military.

69Vitellius, commanding Rhine-based armies, defeats Roman emperor Otho in the First Battle of Bedriacum to take power over Rome.

1639Thirty Years' War: Forces of the Holy Roman Empire and Electorate of Saxony are defeated by the Swedes at the Battle of Chemnitz, ending the military effectiveness of the Saxon army for the rest of the war and allowing the Swedes to advance into Bohemia.

1978Tbilisi demonstrations: Thousands of Georgians demonstrate against Soviet attempts to change the constitutional status of the Georgian language.

2005 – The Oregon Supreme Court nullifies marriage licenses issued to same-sex couples a year earlier by Multnomah County.

1991 – The Republic of Georgia introduces the post of President following its declaration of independence from the Soviet Union.

1395Tokhtamysh–Timur war: At the Battle of the Terek River, Timur defeats the army of the Golden Horde, beginning the khanate's permanent military decline.

1894 – The first ever commercial motion picture house opens in New York City, United States. It uses ten Kinetoscopes, devices for peep-show viewing of films.

1890 – The Pan-American Union is founded by the First International Conference of American States in Washington, D.C.

1865 – U.S. President Abraham Lincoln is shot in Ford's Theatre by John Wilkes Booth; Lincoln dies the following day.

43 BC – Legions loyal to the Roman Senate, commanded by Gaius Pansa, defeat the forces of Mark Antony in the Battle of Forum Gallorum.

1912 – The British passenger liner RMS Titanic hits an iceberg in the North Atlantic and begins to sink.

1941 – World War II: German and Italian forces attack Tobruk, Libya.

966 – Following his marriage to the Christian Doubravka of Bohemia, the pagan ruler of the Polans, Mieszko I, converts to Christianity, an event considered to be the founding of the Polish state.

1944Bombay explosion: A massive explosion in Bombay harbor kills 300 and causes economic damage valued at 20 million pounds.

1935 – The Black Sunday dust storm, considered one of the worst storms of the Dust Bowl, sweeps across the Oklahoma and Texas panhandles and neighboring areas.

Notable Births & Deaths for April 14

  2014 – Crad Kilodney, American-Canadian author (b. 1948)
  1986Matt Derbyshire, English footballer
  2014Nina Cassian, Romanian poet and critic (b. 1924)
  1996Abigail Breslin, American actress
  2019Bibi Andersson, Swedish actress (b.1935)
  2015Klaus Bednarz, German journalist and author (b. 1942)
  1995Baker Mayfield, American football player
  2021Bernie Madoff, American mastermind of the world's largest Ponzi scheme (b. 1938)
  2013Efi Arazi, Israeli businessman, founded the Scailex Corporation (b. 1937)
  2012 – Jonathan Frid, Canadian actor (b. 1924)
  2015 – Mark Reeds, Canadian-American ice hockey player and coach (b. 1960)
  1984Blake Costanzo, American football player
  2013 – Colin Davis, English conductor and educator (b. 1927)
  1984 – Tyler Thigpen, American football player
  2013 – R. P. Goenka, Indian businessman, founded RPG Group (b. 1930)
  1987 – Wilson Kiprop, Kenyan runner
  2015 – Percy Sledge, American singer (b. 1940)
  1983 – Nikoloz Tskitishvili, Georgian basketball player
  1989Joe Haden, American football player
  2022 – Ilkka Kanerva, Finnish politician (b. 1948)
  2013 – Claudia Maupin and Oliver "Chip" Northup, residents of Davis, California who were tortured, murdered, and mutilated in their home by a 15-year-old, Daniel William Marsh
  1988 – Anthony Modeste, French footballer
  1983 – William Obeng, Ghanaian-American football player
  2022 – Orlando Julius, Nigerian saxophonist, singer (b. 1943)
  2013 – George Jackson, American singer-songwriter (b. 1945)
  2015 – Roberto Tucci, Italian cardinal and theologian (b. 1921)
  1988 – Brad Sinopoli, Canadian football player
  2022Mike Bossy, Canadian ice hockey player and sportscaster (b. 1957)
  1997D. J. Moore, American football player
  1988 – Eliška Klučinová, Czech heptathlete
  2013 – Armando Villanueva, Peruvian politician, 121st Prime Minister of Peru (b. 1915)
  1999Chase Young, American football player
  2023 – Mark Sheehan, Irish guitarist (The Script) (b. 1976)
  1987 – Erwin Hoffer, Austrian footballer
  2012 – Piermario Morosini, Italian footballer (b. 1986)
  1987Michael Baze, American jockey (d. 2011)
  1995 – Georgie Friedrichs, Australian rugby sevens player
  1984 – Harumafuji Kōhei, Mongolian sumo wrestler, the 70th Yokozuna
  2014 – Mick Staton, American soldier and politician (b. 1940)
  2014 – Wally Olins, English businessman and academic (b. 1930)
  2000Patrick Surtain II, American football player
  2013 – Charlie Wilson, American politician (b. 1943)
  1988Eric Gryba, Canadian ice hockey player
  1982 – Larissa França, Brazilian volleyball player
  2020Carol D'Onofrio, American public health researcher (b. 1936)
  1983Simona La Mantia, Italian triple jumper
  1983 – James McFadden, Scottish footballer
  1984 – Charles Hamelin, Canadian speed skater

 Quick Start

Our API is incredibly easy to use, check out the code samples below to get started:

Read the full documentation →

Fetch Historical Events

All you need to do is send a request to https://today.zenquotes.io/api/[month]/[day]/[key] in order to generate a JSON array of historical events, including notable births and deaths. API data pulled from WikiPedia.

*[key] not required but recommended.


Sample Requests

https://today.zenquotes.io/api - Generate notable events, births, and deaths for current server time (UTC).

https://today.zenquotes.io/api/1/1 - Generate notable events, births, and deaths for January 1.

https://today.zenquotes.io/api/5/5 - Generate notable events, births, and deaths for May 5.

https://today.zenquotes.io/api/12/25 - Generate notable events, births, and deaths for December 25.


Response

The result data is formatted as a JSON array, grouped by event type.


{ "info":"OnThisDay API", "date":"April_20", "updated":"1615972324",
"data":{
  "Events":[ 
    { 
      "text":"1303 – The Sapienza University of Rome is instituted by a bull of Pope Boniface VIII.[1]", 
      "html":"<a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/1303\" title=\"1303\">1303</a> &#8211; The <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Sapienza_University_of_Rome\" title=\"Sapienza University of Rome\">Sapienza University of Rome</a> is instituted by a <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Papal_bull\" title=\"Papal bull\">bull</a> of <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Boniface_VIII\" title=\"Pope Boniface VIII\">Pope Boniface VIII</a>." 
    },
    //.. MORE DATA ..//
  ],
  "Births":[ 
    { 
      "text":"1494 &#8211; Johannes Agricola, German theologian and reformer (d. 1566)&#91;8&#93;", 
      "html":"<a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/1494\" title=\"1494\">1494</a> &#8211; <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Johannes_Agricola\" title=\"Johannes Agricola\">Johannes Agricola</a>, German theologian and reformer (d. 1566)" 
    },
    //.. MORE DATA ..//
  ],
  "Deaths":[ 
    { 
      "text":"689 &#8211; Cædwalla, king of Wessex (b. 659)&#91;21&#93;", 
      "html":"<a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/689\" title=\"689\">689</a> &#8211; <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/C%C3%A6dwalla_of_Wessex\" title=\"Cædwalla of Wessex\">Cædwalla</a>, king of <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Wessex\" title=\"Wessex\">Wessex</a> (b. 659)" },
      //.. MORE DATA ..//
    }
  ]
} }

 Usage Limits and Attribution

Requests are restricted to 5 per 30 second period, an API key or registered IP is required for unlimited access and to enable Access-Control-Allow-Origin headers. We require that you show attribution with a link back to https://today.zenquotes.io/ when using the free version of this API. Contact support@zenquotes.io to chat with our friendly dev team and get registered.

Historical event data provided by <a href="https://today.zenquotes.io/" target="_blank">ZenQuotes.io</a>
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