On This Day in 636 – Arab–Byzantine wars: The Battle of Yarmouk between Byzantine Empire and Rashidun Caliphate begins.

History Delivered

OnThisDay is a simple API that can be used to fetch historical events into JSON format. While it's not hard to find a similar API, most of them require registration or just plain suck. Our service makes development quick and to the point.

No API Key Required

The OTD-API can be used free of charge but you may not use this service in a manner that exceeds reasonable request volume. When no API key is provided, attribution is required and the number of requests per IP address is limited.

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Events for August 15


1893Ibadan area becomes a British Protectorate after a treaty signed by Fijabi, the Baale of Ibadan with the British acting Governor of Lagos, George C. Denton.

1261Michael VIII Palaiologos is crowned as the first Byzantine emperor in fifty-seven years.

1070 – The Pavian-born Benedictine Lanfranc is appointed as the new Archbishop of Canterbury in England.

2007 – An 8.0-magnitude earthquake off the Pacific coast devastates Ica and various regions of Peru killing 514 and injuring 1,090.

1952A flash flood drenches the town of Lynmouth, England, killing 34 people.

1237Spanish Reconquista: The Battle of the Puig between the Moorish forces of Taifa of Valencia against the Kingdom of Aragon culminates in an Aragonese victory.

1899Fratton Park football ground in Portsmouth, England is officially first opened.

2005 – The Helsinki Agreement between the Free Aceh Movement and the Government of Indonesia was signed, ending almost three decades of fighting.

1942World War II: Operation Pedestal: The oil tanker SS Ohio reaches the island of Malta barely afloat carrying vital fuel supplies for the island's defenses.

1185 – The cave city of Vardzia is consecrated by Queen Tamar of Georgia.

1975Bangladeshi leader Sheikh Mujibur Rahman is killed along with most members of his family during a military coup.

1824 – The Marquis de Lafayette, the last surviving French general of the American Revolutionary War, arrives in New York and begins a tour of 24 states.

1970Patricia Palinkas becomes the first woman to play professionally in an American football game.

1281Mongol invasion of Japan: The Mongolian fleet of Kublai Khan is destroyed by a "divine wind" for the second time in the Battle of Kōan.

1971 – Bahrain gains independence from the United Kingdom.

1959American Airlines Flight 514, a Boeing 707, crashes near the Calverton Executive Airpark in Calverton, New York, killing all five people on board.

1975 – Takeo Miki makes the first official pilgrimage to Yasukuni Shrine by an incumbent prime minister on the anniversary of the end of World War II.

1907 – Ordination in Constantinople of Fr. Raphael Morgan, the first African-American Orthodox priest, "Priest-Apostolic" to America and the West Indies.

1511Afonso de Albuquerque of Portugal conquers Malacca, the capital of the Malacca Sultanate.

1540Arequipa, Peru is founded.

1954Alfredo Stroessner begins his dictatorship in Paraguay.

1961 – Border guard Conrad Schumann flees from East Germany while on duty guarding the construction of the Berlin Wall.

Notable Births & Deaths for August 15

  2008 – Jerry Wexler, American journalist and producer (b. 1917)
  2012 – Altamiro Carrilho, Brazilian flute player and composer (b. 1924)
  2006 – Coenraad Bron, Dutch computer scientist and academic (b. 1937)
  2021Gerd Müller, German footballer (b. 1945)
  1989 – Ryan McGowan, Australian footballer
  2007 – Sam Pollock, Canadian businessman (b. 1925)
  1990Jennifer Lawrence, American actress
  2013 – Marich Man Singh Shrestha, Nepali politician, 28th Prime Minister of Nepal (b. 1942)
  1994Lasse Vigen Christensen, Danish footballer
  1982Casey Burgener, American weightlifter
  2008Vic Toweel, South African-Australian boxer (b. 1929)
  2007Richard Bradshaw, English conductor and director (b. 1944)
  1987Ryan D'Imperio, American football player
  1992Baskaran Adhiban, Indian chess player
  1994 – Kosuke Hagino, Japanese swimmer
  2006 – Faas Wilkes, Dutch footballer and manager (b. 1923)
  1991Petja Piiroinen, Finnish snowboarder
  2012Bob Birch, American bass player and saxophonist (b. 1956)
  2013 – August Schellenberg, Canadian actor (b. 1936)
  2014Licia Albanese, Italian-American soprano and actress (b. 1909)
  1982 – David Harrison, American basketball player
  1988Oussama Assaidi, Moroccan footballer
  1985 – Emily Kinney, American actress, singer, and songwriter
  2007 – Geoffrey Orbell, New Zealand physician (b. 1908)
  1993 – Alex Oxlade-Chamberlain, English footballer
  2015Julian Bond, American academic, leader of the civil rights movement, and politician (b. 1940)
  2013 – Sławomir Mrożek, Polish-French author and playwright (b. 1930)
  1982 – Germán Caffa, Argentine footballer
  2011Rick Rypien, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1984)
  1993 – Clinton N'Jie, Cameroonian footballer
  1993Rieah Holder, Barbadian netball player
  1999Paola Reis, BMX rider
  2013Rosalía Mera, Spanish businesswoman, co-founded Inditex and Zara (b. 1944)
  2012 – Harry Harrison, American author and illustrator (b. 1925)
  1989 – Carlos PenaVega, American actor and singer
  2007 – John Gofman, American biologist, chemist, and physicist (b. 1918)
  1983Siobhan Chamberlain, English association football goalkeeper
  2006 – Rick Bourke, Australian rugby league player (b. 1955)
  2015 – Hamid Gul, Pakistani general (b. 1936)
  2017Gunnar Birkerts, Latvian-American architect (b. 1925)
  1995Chief Keef, American rapper
  2006Te Atairangikaahu, New Zealand queen (b. 1931)
  1985Nipsey Hussle, American rapper (d. 2019)
  1989Joe Jonas, American singer-songwriter
  1989 – Jordan Rapana, New Zealand rugby league player
  1987 – Michel Kreder, Dutch cyclist
  2020Robert Trump, American real-estate developer, business executive (b. 1948)
  1987 – Sean McAllister, English footballer

 Quick Start

Our API is incredibly easy to use, check out the code samples below to get started:

Read the full documentation →

Fetch Historical Events

All you need to do is send a request to https://today.zenquotes.io/api/[month]/[day]/[key] in order to generate a JSON array of historical events, including notable births and deaths. API data pulled from WikiPedia.

*[key] not required but recommended.


Sample Requests

https://today.zenquotes.io/api/1/1 - Generate notable events, births, and deaths for January 1.

https://today.zenquotes.io/api/5/5 - Generate notable events, births, and deaths for May 5.

https://today.zenquotes.io/api/12/25 - Generate notable events, births, and deaths for December 25.


Response

The result data is formatted as a JSON array, grouped by event type.


{ "info":"OnThisDay API", "date":"April_20", "updated":"1615972324",
"data":{
  "Events":[ { "text":"1303 &#8211; The Sapienza University of Rome is instituted by a bull of Pope Boniface VIII.&#91;1&#93;", "html":"<a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/1303\" title=\"1303\">1303</a> &#8211; The <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Sapienza_University_of_Rome\" title=\"Sapienza University of Rome\">Sapienza University of Rome</a> is instituted by a <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Papal_bull\" title=\"Papal bull\">bull</a> of <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Boniface_VIII\" title=\"Pope Boniface VIII\">Pope Boniface VIII</a>." },
  //.. MORE DATA ..//
  "Births":[ { "text":"1494 &#8211; Johannes Agricola, German theologian and reformer (d. 1566)&#91;8&#93;", "html":"<a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/1494\" title=\"1494\">1494</a> &#8211; <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Johannes_Agricola\" title=\"Johannes Agricola\">Johannes Agricola</a>, German theologian and reformer (d. 1566)" },
  //.. MORE DATA ..//
  "Deaths":[ { "text":"689 &#8211; Cædwalla, king of Wessex (b. 659)&#91;21&#93;", "html":"<a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/689\" title=\"689\">689</a> &#8211; <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/C%C3%A6dwalla_of_Wessex\" title=\"Cædwalla of Wessex\">Cædwalla</a>, king of <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Wessex\" title=\"Wessex\">Wessex</a> (b. 659)" },
  //.. MORE DATA ..//
} }

 Usage Limits and Attribution

Requests are restricted to 5 per 30 second period, an API key or registered IP is required for unlimited access and to enable Access-Control-Allow-Origin headers. We require that you show attribution with a link back to https://today.zenquotes.io/ when using the free version of this API. Contact support@zenquotes.io to chat with our friendly dev team and get registered.

Historical event data provided by <a href="https://today.zenquotes.io/" target="_blank">ZenQuotes.io</a>
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