On This Day in 325 – The original Nicene Creed is adopted at the First Council of Nicaea.

History Delivered

OnThisDay is a simple API that can be used to fetch historical events into JSON format. While it's not hard to find a similar API, most of them require registration or just plain suck. Our service makes development quick and to the point.

No API Key Required

The OTD-API can be used free of charge but you may not use this service in a manner that exceeds reasonable request volume. When no API key is provided, attribution is required and the number of requests per IP address is limited.

Check out the full documentation →

Unlimited Requests

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Events for June 19


2009Mass riots involving over 10,000 people and 10,000 police officers break out in Shishou, China, over the dubious circumstances surrounding the death of a local chef.

1306 – The Earl of Pembroke's army defeats Bruce's Scottish army at the Battle of Methven.

1862 – Congress prohibits slavery in all current and future United States territories, and President Lincoln quickly signs the legislation.

1965Nguyễn Cao Kỳ becomes Prime Minister of South Vietnam at the head of a military junta; General Nguyễn Văn Thiệu becomes the figurehead chief of state.

1987 – Basque separatist group ETA commits one of its most violent attacks, in which a bomb is set off in a supermarket, Hipercor, killing 21 and injuring 45.

1718 – At least 73,000 people died in the 1718 Tongwei–Gansu earthquake due to landslides in the Qing dynasty.

2018 – Antwon Rose II was fatally shot in East Pittsburgh by East Pittsburgh Police Officer Michael Rosfeld after being involved in a near-fatal drive-by shooting.

1913Natives Land Act, 1913 in South Africa implemented.

2012WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange requested asylum in London's Ecuadorian Embassy for fear of extradition to the US after publication of previously classified documents including footage of civilian killings by the US army.

1903Benito Mussolini, at the time a radical Socialist, is arrested by Bern police for advocating a violent general strike.

325 – The original Nicene Creed is adopted at the First Council of Nicaea.

1821 – Decisive defeat of the Filiki Eteria by the Ottomans at Drăgășani (in Wallachia).

1991 – The last Soviet army units in Hungary are withdrawn.

1987 – Aeroflot Flight N-528 crashes at Berdiansk Airport in present-day Ukraine, killing eight people.

1846 – The first officially recorded, organized baseball game is played under Alexander Cartwright's rules on Hoboken, New Jersey's Elysian Fields with the New York Base Ball Club defeating the Knickerbockers 23–1. Cartwright umpired.

1586 – English colonists leave Roanoke Island, after failing to establish England's first permanent settlement in North America.

1960 – The first NASCAR race was held at Charlotte Motor Speedway.

1921 – The village of Knockcroghery, Ireland, was burned by British forces.

1865 – Over two years after the Emancipation Proclamation, slaves in Galveston, Texas, United States, are officially informed of their freedom. The anniversary was officially celebrated in Texas and other states as Juneteenth. On June 17, 2021, Juneteenth officially became a federal holiday in the United States.

1961Kuwait declares independence from the United Kingdom.

Notable Births & Deaths for June 19

  2007 – Ze'ev Schiff, Israeli journalist and author (b. 1932)
  2014 – Gerry Goffin, American songwriter (b. 1939)
  1981 – Moss Burmester, New Zealand swimmer
  2004Millie Gibson, English actress
  1986Aoiyama Kōsuke, Bulgarian sumo wrestler
  1986 – Lázaro Borges, Cuban pole vaulter
  2009Tomoji Tanabe, Japanese engineer and surveyor (b. 1895)
  1988Jacob deGrom, American baseball player
  2013 – Gyula Horn, Hungarian politician, 37th Prime Minister of Hungary (b. 1932)
  2007 – Alberto Mijangos, Mexican-American painter and educator (b. 1925)
  1985 – José Ernesto Sosa, Argentinian footballer
  1983Macklemore, American rapper
  1984 – Andri Eleftheriou, Cypriot sport shooter
  1987Rashard Mendenhall, American football player
  2007 – Terry Hoeppner, American football player and coach (b. 1947)
  1999Jordan Poole, American basketball player
  2014Oskar-Hubert Dennhardt, German general (b. 1915)
  2016Anton Yelchin, American actor (b. 1989)
  2008Barun Sengupta, Bengali journalist, founded Bartaman (b. 1934)
  2013 – Dave Jennings, American football player and sportscaster (b. 1952)
  2010Manute Bol, Sudanese-American basketball player and activist (b. 1962)
  2010 – Anthony Quinton, Baron Quinton, English philosopher and academic (b. 1925)
  1984Paul Dano, American actor
  1984 – Wieke Dijkstra, Dutch field hockey player
  2019Etika, American YouTuber and streamer (b. 1990)
  1985Ai Miyazato, Japanese golfer
  2010 – Carlos Monsiváis, Mexican writer, journalist and political activist (b. 1938)
  2013 – Slim Whitman, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1923)
  2013Vince Flynn, American author (b. 1966)
  1990Moa Hjelmer, Swedish sprinter
  1986 – Marvin Williams, American basketball player
  1983 – Aidan Turner, Irish actor
  2007Antonio Aguilar, Mexican singer-songwriter, actor, producer, and screenwriter (b. 1919)
  1982 – Michael Yarmush, American actor
  1985 – Dire Tune, Ethiopian runner
  1990 – Xavier Rhodes, American football player
  1993Olajide Olatunji, English YouTuber
  2014 – Ibrahim Touré, Ivorian footballer (b. 1985)
  1982 – Chris Vermeulen, Australian motorcycle racer
  2012Norbert Tiemann, American soldier and politician, 32nd Governor of Nebraska (b. 1924)
  2013 – Filip Topol, Czech singer-songwriter and pianist (b. 1965)
  2015James Salter, American novelist and short-story writer (b. 1925)
  1992 – C. J. Mosley, American football player
  1992Keaton Jennings, South African-English cricketer
  1982Alexander Frolov, Russian ice hockey player
  2017Otto Warmbier, American college student detained in North Korea (b. 1994)
  2013 – James Gandolfini, American actor (b. 1961)

 Quick Start

Our API is incredibly easy to use, check out the code samples below to get started:

Read the full documentation →

Fetch Historical Events

All you need to do is send a request to https://today.zenquotes.io/api/[month]/[day]/[key] in order to generate a JSON array of historical events, including notable births and deaths. API data pulled from WikiPedia.

*[key] not required but recommended.


Sample Requests

https://today.zenquotes.io/api - Generate notable events, births, and deaths for current server time (UTC).

https://today.zenquotes.io/api/1/1 - Generate notable events, births, and deaths for January 1.

https://today.zenquotes.io/api/5/5 - Generate notable events, births, and deaths for May 5.

https://today.zenquotes.io/api/12/25 - Generate notable events, births, and deaths for December 25.


Response

The result data is formatted as a JSON array, grouped by event type.


{ "info":"OnThisDay API", "date":"April_20", "updated":"1615972324",
"data":{
  "Events":[ 
    { 
      "text":"1303 – The Sapienza University of Rome is instituted by a bull of Pope Boniface VIII.[1]", 
      "html":"<a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/1303\" title=\"1303\">1303</a> &#8211; The <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Sapienza_University_of_Rome\" title=\"Sapienza University of Rome\">Sapienza University of Rome</a> is instituted by a <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Papal_bull\" title=\"Papal bull\">bull</a> of <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Boniface_VIII\" title=\"Pope Boniface VIII\">Pope Boniface VIII</a>." 
    },
    //.. MORE DATA ..//
  ],
  "Births":[ 
    { 
      "text":"1494 &#8211; Johannes Agricola, German theologian and reformer (d. 1566)&#91;8&#93;", 
      "html":"<a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/1494\" title=\"1494\">1494</a> &#8211; <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Johannes_Agricola\" title=\"Johannes Agricola\">Johannes Agricola</a>, German theologian and reformer (d. 1566)" 
    },
    //.. MORE DATA ..//
  ],
  "Deaths":[ 
    { 
      "text":"689 &#8211; Cædwalla, king of Wessex (b. 659)&#91;21&#93;", 
      "html":"<a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/689\" title=\"689\">689</a> &#8211; <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/C%C3%A6dwalla_of_Wessex\" title=\"Cædwalla of Wessex\">Cædwalla</a>, king of <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Wessex\" title=\"Wessex\">Wessex</a> (b. 659)" },
      //.. MORE DATA ..//
    }
  ]
} }

 Usage Limits and Attribution

Requests are restricted to 5 per 30 second period, an API key or registered IP is required for unlimited access and to enable Access-Control-Allow-Origin headers. We require that you show attribution with a link back to https://today.zenquotes.io/ when using the free version of this API. Contact support@zenquotes.io to chat with our friendly dev team and get registered.

Historical event data provided by <a href="https://today.zenquotes.io/" target="_blank">ZenQuotes.io</a>
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