On This Day in 477 BC – Battle of the Cremera as part of the Roman–Etruscan Wars. Veii ambushes and defeats the Roman army.

History Delivered

OnThisDay is a simple API that can be used to fetch historical events into JSON format. While it's not hard to find a similar API, most of them require registration or just plain suck. Our service makes development quick and to the point.

No API Key Required

The OTD-API can be used free of charge but you may not use this service in a manner that exceeds reasonable request volume. When no API key is provided, attribution is required and the number of requests per IP address is limited.

Check out the full documentation →

Unlimited Requests

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Events for July 18


2019 – A man sets fire to an anime studio in Fushimi-ku, Kyoto, Japan, killing at least 35 people and injuring dozens of others.

1334 – The bishop of Florence blesses the first foundation stone for the new campanile (bell tower) of the Florence Cathedral, designed by the artist Giotto di Bondone.

1841 – Coronation of Emperor Pedro II of Brazil.

1996 – Battle of Mullaitivu: The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam capture the Sri Lanka Army's base, killing over 1,200 soldiers.

1723Johann Sebastian Bach leads the first performance of his cantata Erforsche mich, Gott, und erfahre mein Herz, BWV 136, in Leipzig on the eighth Sunday after Trinity.

2002 – A Consolidated PB4Y-2 Privateer crashes near Estes Park, Colorado, killing both crew members.

2012 – At least seven people are killed and 32 others are injured after a bomb explodes on an Israeli tour bus at Burgas Airport, Bulgaria.

1914 – The U.S. Congress forms the Aviation Section, U.S. Signal Corps, giving official status to aircraft within the U.S. Army for the first time.

1942World War II: During the Beisfjord massacre in Norway, 15 Norwegian paramilitary guards help members of the SS to kill 288 political prisoners from Yugoslavia.

1982 – Two hundred sixty-eight Guatemalan campesinos ("peasants" or "country people") are slain in the Plan de Sánchez massacre.

1925Adolf Hitler publishes Mein Kampf.

1863American Civil War: Second Battle of Fort Wagner: One of the first formal African American military units, the 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, supported by several white regiments, attempts an unsuccessful assault on Confederate-held Battery Wagner.

1555 – The College of Arms is reincorporated by Royal charter signed by Queen Mary I of England and King Philip II of Spain.

1857Louis Faidherbe, French governor of Senegal, arrives to relieve French forces at Kayes, effectively ending El Hajj Umar Tall's war against the French.

1976Nadia Comăneci becomes the first person in Olympic Games history to score a perfect 10 in gymnastics at the 1976 Summer Olympics.

1966 – A racially charged incident in a bar sparks the six-day Hough riots in Cleveland, Ohio; 1,700 Ohio National Guard troops intervene to restore order.

452Sack of Aquileia: After an earlier defeat on the Catalaunian Plains, Attila lays siege to the metropolis of Aquileia and eventually destroys it.

1992 – A picture of Les Horribles Cernettes was taken, which became the first ever photo posted to the World Wide Web.

2013 – The Government of Detroit, with up to $20 billion in debt, files for the largest municipal bankruptcy in U.S. history.

2014 – The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant requires Christians to either accept dhimmi status, emigrate from ISIL lands, or be killed.

1966Human spaceflight: Gemini 10 is launched from Cape Kennedy on a 70-hour mission that includes docking with an orbiting Agena target vehicle.

1995 – On the Caribbean island of Montserrat, the Soufrière Hills volcano erupts. Over the course of several years, it devastates the island, destroying the capital, forcing most of the population to flee.

387 BCRoman-Gaulish Wars: Battle of the Allia: A Roman army is defeated by raiding Gauls, leading to the subsequent sacking of Rome.

362Roman–Persian Wars: Emperor Julian arrives at Antioch with a Roman expeditionary force (60,000 men) and stays there for nine months to launch a campaign against the Persian Empire.

Notable Births & Deaths for July 18

  1996 – Smriti Mandhana, Indian cricketer
  1984Ben Askren, American mixed martial artist and boxer
  2012 – Dawoud Rajiha, Syrian general and politician, Syrian Minister of Defense (b. 1947)
  2012 – Jean François-Poncet, French politician and diplomat, French Minister of Foreign Affairs (b. 1928)
  1987Tontowi Ahmad, Indonesian badminton player
  2012 – Hasan Turkmani, Syrian general and politician, Syrian Minister of Defense (b. 1935)
  1993Lee Tae-min, South Korean singer and actor
  2005 – William Westmoreland, American general (b. 1914)
  2018 – Adrian Cronauer, American radio personality (b. 1938)
  2018Jonathan Gold, American food critic (b. 1960)
  1996Yung Lean, Swedish rapper and singer-songwriter
  2012 – Assef Shawkat, Syrian general and politician (b. 1950)
  2012 – Rajesh Khanna, Indian actor (b. 1942)
  2009 – Jill Balcon, English actress (b. 1925)
  2015Alex Rocco, American actor (b. 1936)
  1989Jamie Benn, Canadian ice hockey player
  1986Natalia Mikhailova, Russian ice dancer
  1997Bam Adebayo, American basketball player
  2014Andreas Biermann, German footballer (b. 1980)
  2021Tom O'Connor, English comedian (b. 1939)
  1985 – James Norton, English actor
  2013 – Olivier Ameisen, French-American cardiologist and academic (b. 1953)
  1989 – Yohan Mollo, French footballer
  2004 – Émile Peynaud, French wine maker (b. 1912)
  1988Änis Ben-Hatira, German-Tunisian footballer
  1983 – Jan Schlaudraff, German footballer
  2001Agustina Roth, Argentine BMX rider
  1985Chace Crawford, American actor
  1994Nilo Soares, East Timorese footballer
  2014 – Dietmar Schönherr, Austrian-Spanish actor, director, and screenwriter (b. 1926)
  1996 – Shudufhadzo Musida, Miss South Africa 2020
  2012Yosef Shalom Eliashiv, Lithuanian-Israeli rabbi and author (b. 1910)
  1990Canelo Álvarez, Mexican boxer
  2005Amy Gillett, Australian cyclist and rower (b. 1976)
  2014 – João Ubaldo Ribeiro, Brazilian journalist, author, and academic (b. 1941)
  1985 – Panagiotis Lagos, Greek footballer
  1991 – Eugenio Suárez, Venezuelan baseball player
  1989 – Sebastian Mielitz, German footballer
  1988 – César Villaluz, Mexican footballer
  2009Henry Allingham, English soldier (b. 1896)
  1997 – Noah Lyles, American sprinter
  2007Jerry Hadley, American tenor (b. 1952)
  1993 – Michael Lichaa, Australian rugby league player
  2007 – Kenji Miyamoto, Japanese politician (b. 1908)
  1991Mandy Rose, American wrestler and television personality
  2013Vaali, Indian poet, songwriter, and actor (b. 1931)
  2023Oommen Chandy, Indian politician, former Chief Minister of Kerala (b. 1943)
  2006Henry Hewes, American theater writer (b. 1917)

 Quick Start

Our API is incredibly easy to use, check out the code samples below to get started:

Read the full documentation →

Fetch Historical Events

All you need to do is send a request to https://today.zenquotes.io/api/[month]/[day]/[key] in order to generate a JSON array of historical events, including notable births and deaths. API data pulled from WikiPedia.

*[key] not required but recommended.


Sample Requests

https://today.zenquotes.io/api - Generate notable events, births, and deaths for current server time (UTC).

https://today.zenquotes.io/api/1/1 - Generate notable events, births, and deaths for January 1.

https://today.zenquotes.io/api/5/5 - Generate notable events, births, and deaths for May 5.

https://today.zenquotes.io/api/12/25 - Generate notable events, births, and deaths for December 25.


Response

The result data is formatted as a JSON array, grouped by event type.


{ "info":"OnThisDay API", "date":"April_20", "updated":"1615972324",
"data":{
  "Events":[ 
    { 
      "text":"1303 – The Sapienza University of Rome is instituted by a bull of Pope Boniface VIII.[1]", 
      "html":"<a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/1303\" title=\"1303\">1303</a> &#8211; The <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Sapienza_University_of_Rome\" title=\"Sapienza University of Rome\">Sapienza University of Rome</a> is instituted by a <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Papal_bull\" title=\"Papal bull\">bull</a> of <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Boniface_VIII\" title=\"Pope Boniface VIII\">Pope Boniface VIII</a>." 
    },
    //.. MORE DATA ..//
  ],
  "Births":[ 
    { 
      "text":"1494 &#8211; Johannes Agricola, German theologian and reformer (d. 1566)&#91;8&#93;", 
      "html":"<a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/1494\" title=\"1494\">1494</a> &#8211; <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Johannes_Agricola\" title=\"Johannes Agricola\">Johannes Agricola</a>, German theologian and reformer (d. 1566)" 
    },
    //.. MORE DATA ..//
  ],
  "Deaths":[ 
    { 
      "text":"689 &#8211; Cædwalla, king of Wessex (b. 659)&#91;21&#93;", 
      "html":"<a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/689\" title=\"689\">689</a> &#8211; <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/C%C3%A6dwalla_of_Wessex\" title=\"Cædwalla of Wessex\">Cædwalla</a>, king of <a href=\"https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Wessex\" title=\"Wessex\">Wessex</a> (b. 659)" },
      //.. MORE DATA ..//
    }
  ]
} }

 Usage Limits and Attribution

Requests are restricted to 5 per 30 second period, an API key or registered IP is required for unlimited access and to enable Access-Control-Allow-Origin headers. We require that you show attribution with a link back to https://today.zenquotes.io/ when using the free version of this API. Contact support@zenquotes.io to chat with our friendly dev team and get registered.

Historical event data provided by <a href="https://today.zenquotes.io/" target="_blank">ZenQuotes.io</a>
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